Zwingli and the “Whole Rubbish Heap of Ceremonials”

Triad 6

Church History

The Reformation Beyond Luther

So what did Zwingli Teach? 

Zwingli affirmed the core doctrines of the Reformation.

Salvation by grace alone through faith alone, in Christ alone, based on Scripture alone, and to the glory of God alone.

But Zwingli also focused on the fundamental distinction, even the great divide, that separates the Creator from His creation, that separates God from man.

It follows that Zwingli thought idolatry was the fundamental and most heinous sin committed by humanity.

What is idolatry? It is ascribing to creatures that which is due the Creator!  At the core of Rome’s errors, corruptions, and excesses, Zwingli sniffed the stench of idolatry.  Appalled at the rampant superstition of his day, Zwingli sought to expunge all relics, icons, and other manner of idols from his churches and the lives of his people, and turn their worship to God in heaven alone.

In the words of one scholar,  

“Thoughtless prayers, prescribed fasts, the bleached cowls and carefully shaved heads of the monks, holy days, incense, the burning of candles, the sprinkling of holy water, nun’s prayers, priest’s chatter, vigils, masses, and matins – this “whole rubbish heap of ceremonials” amounted to nothing but “tomfoolery.”  To depend upon them at all for salvation was like “placing iceblocks upon iceblocks.”

Zwingli did more than preach against these rituals and objects – he purged them.

One distraught Catholic wrote to the Emperor in 1530 and described the condition of Zurich’s churches after Zwingli’s reforms:

“The altars are destroyed and overthrown, the images of the saints and the paintings are burned or broken up and defaced…They no longer have churches but rather stables.”

Zwingli wanted Christian worship to focus on the transcendent, living God in heaven – not on human creations or pale images.

10 Reasons to Invite Your Neighbor / Friend / Co Worker / Family Member To King’s

In our Church Conference Sunday Night April 28, we divided into small groups  who were given the assignment: “Name 10 Reasons To Invite Someone (friend, neighbor, family member, co-worker) To King’s.” The group only had 5  minutes to compile their lists.

BELOW ARE THOSE LISTS:

GROUP A

1) Choir: where else can a person “sing as to the Lord”, this attracts and keeps many even if they don’t personally stand up there…..it also undergirds the music and encourages everyone to join in
2) Multigenerational…..for sure!
3) Greeters: yes, we need more
4) Solid biblical preaching and teaching:
5) Have many ministries, something for everyone, but probably could advertise that more.
6) Solid by-laws
7) Attractive and clean environment.
Note:  “ If it was a sin 100 years ago, it’s still a sin today. Don’t water down the Gospel for this offended generation”

GROUP B

1.   First and Foremost is Salvation Explained and Opportunity to Come to Christ for Visitors and New Comers.
2.   Kings Outreach – Caring, Emotional and Physical Support
3.   Growth in God’s Word:  Sunday School Classes, Small Groups
4.   Inviting Spirit to Newcomers
5.   Visitors a Sense of Community
6.   Good Overall Experience
7.   Youth and Children’s Departments
8.   Praise and Worship
9.   Place to Get Involved and Serve
10. Women’s & Mens Ministry
11. Security Team

GROUP C

1) Hear the Word preached
2) Genuine people
3) Will hear the gospel
4) See the power of prayer
5) Solid Biblical Foundation for Youth Group
6) Good Environment for Family development
7) Good mix of generations (intergenerational)
8) Want them to be a part of the church family
9) Commandment
10) Vision to see people saved

GROUP D

1) Bring them to salvation
2) A great children’s ministry
3) Beautiful facility
4) Loving & Joyful community
5) Non-judgmental members – welcoming
6) Bible based – teachings
7) Praying church – prayer team, corporate prayer time during worship
8) Evangelism Outreach – after school programs – Gifford
9) A strong Christian Maturity plan/ implementation – Sunday School teacher growth mentoring

GROUP E

1 Youth Group as developing leaders
2 Children Dept active in church and Bible knowledge
3 Preschool
4 Sermon /worship
5 Music
6 Family and friendly
7 Missions – Outreach
8 Ministries to church & unsaved
9 Bible Studies
10 Events men/women/Christmas/Easter

GROUP F

1 We are a very friendly church
2 We have an outreach vision
3 Good children’s program
4 Good music ministry
5 Orthodox of the scriptures
6 Room for serving
7 Great youth ministry
8 Security
9 Mission – minded
10 Service – minded

GROUP G

1 Friendly
2 Good teachers
3 Good Pastor – preach the Word
4 Social Activities
5 Barnabas Ministries
6 Small group outside the church
7 Security for the church
8 Music Ministry
9 Mission trips
10 Handicap available parking

GROUP H

Encourage worship as full family unit
Believe the bible
Preaching & Worship
Authentic / Real people
Youth
Small group / SS
Women’s ministry
Bear burdens with each other
Children’s ministry / features
Secure / Safe

Church History Zwingli to Zurich

As God was stiring through Martin Luther in Germany, He was also working in Switzerland. 

The Reformation a clear movement of the hand of God in history, bringing different Christian leaders in different regions almost simultaneously to similar conclusions.  Among them: God is sovereign in history and in salvation.  Salvation is by grace alone, through faith alone, and not as a result of good works or superstitious ritual.  The Bible is the supreme and final authority in matters of faith and life.

Luther’s insights were either shared or followed by many others across Europe.  In different localities, however, the Reformation took on some different emphases.  Church leaders grappled with the full implications of the recovered Gospel.  What did this mean for the practice of Christian worship?  For the relationship between the church and the world?  Or, for that matter, the relationship between different churches? 

We will focus on two particularly significant leaders of the Reformation, but  should not forget that the Reformation was most significant as a movement in the hearts and minds of countless people across Europe.  In this, it was inseparable from – indeed, was inspired by and guided by – the Bible.  And not just the Bible, but the Bible in the people’s own languages, spread rapidly by copies pouring off the recently invented printed presses.  Between 1520 and 1530, the Bible was translated into German, French, and English, and given into the hands of eager people desperate to learn the will of God through the Word of God.   

THE REFORMATION IN ZURICH: ULRICH ZWINGLI (1484-1531)

At the same time that Luther was locking horns with the Roman Catholic church, a similar struggle was ongoing in a small, newly constituted country halfway between Wittenburg and Rome, in Zurich.  

When Huldrych Zwingli was born in 1484, Switzerland was not a nation, but rather a conferderation of states, “cantons”. Interestingly there were thirteen. Each canton was independent of the others and could form alliances within and without the Confederation.

When we think of Switzerland today, we think of fine watches, tasty chocolates, and political neutrality.  Switzerland’s national roots, however, deeply intertwine with the roots of the Reformation, for the new nation’s relative political autonomy also created a fertile environment for religious reform.  If we take Luther, Zwingli, and Calvin to be the three leading Reformers, it is both remarkable and not coincidental that the latter two conducted their reforms in Switzerland.

All of the theological and moral problems with the church were just as rampant in Switzerland as they were in Germany.

There was, however, one major difference. In addition to the theological and moral difficulties faced by Christians at the time, the Swiss were also having political and military trouble. 

At the end of the 1200s and beginning of the 1300s, the Swiss had developed a new form of warfare using pikes and halberds that was essentially unbeatable until gunpowder comes into use.

It was for this reason that everyone wanted the Swiss on their side in a war. It is also why no one could conquer the Swiss and force them to fight on their side.

The King of France and the Holy Roman Emperor and various other leaders around Europe paid the Swiss to fight for them. The Swiss people became mercenaries.

This creates a number of problems that grow. The first of course is a whole new set of moral problems that arise from living in a mercenary culture. If you live in a nation of people who kill for money, the moral bar is going to be pretty low.

Also, remember the Swiss cantons were largely independent. Each canton decided who it was going to hire out to.

If the King of France hired mercenaries from one Canton, the Holy Roman Emperor might well hire mercenaries from another. So in most of the wars in the 1300 and 1400s, no matter which  nations happened to be at war, it was still Swiss fighting against Swiss on the actual battlefield.

The Swiss liked the money but were not pleased with this situation. The question became “how do we escape this self-made trap we’re in?”

Into this comes Ulrich Zwingli and the Swiss Reformation.

Note this distinction between what happened with Luther in Germany and what happens in Switzerland. In the Swiss Reformation, corporate concerns, the concerns of the body of people, are there from the very beginning.

Luther reforms as an individual, “here I stand,” and only later went back and developed a civil and ecclesiastical theology. Zwingli and the Swiss reformers began with “we believe.”

This is not a difference of doctrine, it is a difference of emphasis.

Born in 1484, Zwingli was a contemporary of Luther’s generation.  He became ordained to the priesthood in 1506, and soon thereafter through study of Scripture, independently concluded that the Church was deeply corrupt and that Church doctrine was incorrect in many areas.  Zwingli felt strongly the influence of Wycliffe and Huss, as well as Erasmus.

Having realized that the Bible was the supreme authority, Zwingli appropriately enough sought to apply this to his life, and the life of the church.  True reformation, springs not from one man’s opinions, or even one social group’s frustrations, but from the Word of God. 

We can date the beginnings of the Reformation in Zurich to New Year’s Day, 1519, when Zwingli – already a very popular preacher among the people – commenced a series of expositional sermons beginning in the first chapter of Matthew.  He even preached through the genealogies as he began to work through the New Testament, chapter by chapter. 

This new focus on the Bible and biblical doctrines soon brought tensions to a crisis, as Zwingli realized he could no longer stay in communion with the Roman Catholic church. 

The next year he renounced his salary from Rome, and in October, 1522 he resigned his office as priest.  The Zurich City Council immediately hired him to be the city’s official preacher, reflecting Zwingli’s widespread popularity and support. 

We see the vitality of congregationalism; Zwingli himself acknowledged his support from the people, observing that “the common man adheres to the gospel although his superiors want nothing of it.”

Zwingli’s – and Zurich’s – final break with Rome came a few months later in early 1523, when Zwingli sought to defend himself against the criticisms of the Catholic hierarchy by calling a special town council meeting.  Here he presented his 67 Articles, theological points he had composed to summarize his differences with Rome. Zwingli declared those 600 Christians gathered to be a legitimate church council, and challenged the small delegation led representing the local Catholic bishop to refute any of his points. 

Again, this was a potent illustration of congregationalism: the Catholic authorities were aghast that Zwingli would believe this gathering of ordinary Christians, under the authority of the Bible alone, could be equal to an official church council led by the Pope, Cardinals, and Bishops. 

But Zwingli and the people of Zurich, who by now had been sitting under biblical preaching for four years, believed it was, and the council issued a decisive verdict in Zwingli’s favor. This became known as the First Zurich Disputation, and marked a key moment in the Reformation, as it vindicated Zwingli against the charge of heresy and produced the first Reformed confession of faith. 

Kid’s Summer Sports Camp

Kid’s Summer Sports Camp

June 17-21, 2019
9 a.m.- 12 p.m.
4 years old – Completed 5th Grade

We are looking forward to your family joining us for another week of Sports Camp. The week will be filled with sports, fun games, delicious snacks, and Bible stories. Children get the chance to pick which track option they would like to do for the week. Our tracks are based on your children’s age. 

Tracks are subject to availability and are assigned on a first come, first serve basis. If tracks for your child’s age are full, then you can request to be placed on our wait list and we will add your child to an open track if a spot becomes available. 

Our tracks are:

VPK4 Tracks

Track One
Snack
Basketball
Field Games
Soccer
Bible Story

Track Two
Field Games
Snack
Football
Bible Story
Basketball

Kindergarten Track

Track 3
Snack
Field Games
Basketball
Football
Bible Story

1st and 2nd Grade Tracks

Track 4
Basketball
Bible Story
Soccer
Snack
Field Games

Track 5
Football
Bible Story
Snack
Ninja Course
Soccer

Track 6
FULL

3rd and 4th Grade Tracks

Track 7
FULL


 

Track 8

Archery
Soccer
Snack
Bible Story
Football

Track 9
Bible Story
Ninja Course
Archery
Field Games
Snack

5th Grade Track

Track 10
Fitness Course
Football
Bible Story
Snack
Archery

IMPORTANT

The week before Sports Camp (Monday-Thursday, June 10-13) we will have a packet with important paperwork and information prepared for each family. We ask that each family come by the church during office hours, or Wednesday night (June 12, 6:00-7:30) to pick up the packet and fill out paperwork. Picking up your packet secures your child’s spot in Sports Camp. If we have not heard from you and your packet remains unclaimed by June 14, then we will begin going through our Wait List to fill vacant spots. We will be sending an e-mail the week before June 10-13 to remind you to pick up your family packet.

If you have any questions, feel free to call the church at 772-567-5850.

REGISTER FOR FREE BELOW

Elementor #2054

Invocation to Worship
Welcome and Words of Ministry
Songs of Christ’s Passion
All Glory, Laud, and Honor
Jesus Paid It All
Hallelujah, What A Savior!
Children’s Feature Pastor Tyler Bursick
Giving Grace, Grace
Worship Choir and Orchestra
Soloists: Aleyah Faulkner, Unique Edden, Truth Edden, Rebecca Goldstein, Charlotte             McKenzie, Amelia McKenzie, Danielle McLean, Grace Norwood
Sermon Pastor Frank Ellis
Response to The Word There Is a Redeemer

 

BIBLE FELLOWSHIPS at 9 & 11:30

SUNDAY MORNING WORSHIP only at 10:15

SATURDAY EVENING WORSHIP
Every Saturday @ 6:00pm Reminder that preschool care is available during the worship service.

WEDNESDAY NIGHT

  • 6:00 Awana
  • 6:00 Extreme Lives (Students 7 – 12 grade)
  • 6:15 Intercessory Prayer group (Room 109)
  • 6:30 Adult Bible Study (301-302)

FOOD DONATION SUNDAY with KING’S KUBBARD

 

CHURCH CONFERENCE UPCOMING DATES

April 28th at 6pm

 

LORD’S SUPPER UPCOMING DATES

April 18th & 19th

 

KING’S COMFORTERS
King’s Comforters needs more men and women volunteers to visit our homebound. If you are interested in serving, please contact Susan Bowles at 772-559-0903 and be a part of this impactful ministry.

 

EASTER EGG HUNT
April 20th 10am – Noon. The Preschool and Children’s Department invite all preschoolers and elementary students thru 6th grade to join them at Charles Park for food, fun, and Bible Stories. King’s will provide chicken, hotdogs and drinks. All you have to do is bring a side to share and some chairs or a blanket for you and your family.

 

AWANA, YOUTH, & WEDNESDAY NIGHT ADULT BIBLE STUDY CANCELLED 4/17

 

THE CHURCH OFFICE WILL BE CLOSED ON APRIL 19TH GOOD FRIDAY

 

WORSHIP NEWS


EASTER MUSICAL APRIL REHEARSALS
Sunday April 14th – 4:00pm – 8:30pm

 

THIS IS GOD – A KING’S EASTER WORSHIP EXPERIENCE
Maundy Thursday, April 18 at 7pm

Good Friday, April 19 at 7pm

 

2019 KINGS YOUTH ACTIVITIES AND WORK DAYS – IMPORTANT DATES

  • Passion Camp June 10-14 Daytona Beach
  • Mission Serve Washington DC July 5-15 Mission trip and sightseeing

 

APRIL 20TH JOY GROUP

Bob & Lynn Littleton share their Israel Trip

Special Music – Sebastian River Jazz Quartet

 

MEN’S MONTHLY PRAYER GATHERING IN FELLOWSHIP HALL

Saturday, April 27th at 7:30am for time of prayer and fellowship with light breakfast.

 

OVERFLOW SEATING
You’ve probably noticed that it’s getting harder and harder to find a seat during our Sunday worship service. We love having this problem, and we have a great solution too.

Last year we used the AWANA auditorium for a live overflow, and many of us found we actually preferred the overflow. We’re doing that again, and we need your help to get this going. Please consider joining us, starting this Sunday, in the AWANA auditorium. You’ll be engaged in worship with the same music and preaching at the same time as your brothers and sisters in the main auditorium.

It’s a great way to serve guests and others who might otherwise have no place to sit.

IS JESUS THE SON OF GOD?

Is Jesus the Son of God?

One way to look at that is to ask if the Bible ever makes the claim that Jesus is the Son of God. 

Consider the following:

Mark says it at the outset of his gospel, (Mark1:1)
The angel told Mary her child would be the Son of God, (Luke 1:35)
John the Baptist said the same thing, (John 1:34)
Nathanael said it, (John 1:49)
Martha believed it, (John 11:27)
The centurion said so, (Matthew 27:54)
Jesus claimed that He said so, (John 10:36)
Jesus clearly implies it  (John 11:4)
The demons called Jesus the Son of God, (Matthew 8:29Luke 4:41Mark 3:11)
The charge against Jesus was that He claimed to be the Son of God (Matthew 27:43John 19:7), a claim He never denied, and virtually admitted to be true, (Luke 22:70)
The Gospel of John was written to convince the reader that Jesus was the Son of God, (John 20:31)

Why, you might ask, does Jesus not say so plainly? I think the answer is found in Matthew 16:15-17:

He said to them, “And who do you say that I am?” Simon Peter answered, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.”  And Jesus answered him, “You are blessed, Simon son of Jonah, because flesh and blood did not reveal this to you, but my Father in heaven!” (Matthew 16:15-17). 

Jesus did not want Peter and His disciples to believe He was the Son of God just because He said so. He wanted God to bring them to this conclusion, based upon the overwhelming evidence of Scripture and our Lord’s life and teaching.


DID JESUS EVER CLAIM TO BE GOD

Not with the words, “I am God,” but with words that communicated to his audience in a way that was clear and compelling.  In the following passage, Jesus is confronted by the religious leadership in response to what appears to be a simple teaching:

My sheep listen to my voice; I know them, and they follow me. I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish; no one can snatch them out of my hand. My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all; no one can snatch them out of my Father’s hand. I and the Father are one.” Again the Jews picked up stones to stone him, but Jesus said to them, “I have shown you many great miracles from the Father. For which of these do you stone me?”

The response of the religious leaders indicates the claim that Jesus made: 
“We are not stoning you for any of these,” replied the Jews, “but for blasphemy, because you, a mere man, claim to be God.”  John 10:27-33 (NIV, emphasis mine)  

You will need to respond to the claims of Jesus Christ. 

The claim to be God is simply too significant to ignore or dismiss. 

Consider the following from C.S. Lewis:

“I am trying here to prevent anyone saying the really foolish thing that people often say about Him: I’m ready to accept Jesus as a great moral teacher, but I don’t accept his claim to be God. That is the one thing we must not say. A man who was merely a man and said the sort of things Jesus said would not be a great moral teacher. He would either be a lunatic — on the level with the man who says he is a poached egg — or else he would be the Devil of Hell. You must make your choice. Either this man was, and is, the Son of God, or else a madman or something worse. You can shut him up for a fool, you can spit at him and kill him as a demon or you can fall at his feet and call him Lord and God, but let us not come with any patronizing nonsense about his being a great human teacher. He has not left that open to us. He did not intend to. … Now it seems to me obvious that He was neither a lunatic nor a fiend: and consequently, however strange or terrifying or unlikely it may seem, I have to accept the view that He was and is God.”

Mere Christianity, p54-56


IS JESUS THE ONLY WAY TO GOD?

It is sometimes suggested that Christians are narrow-minded and intolerant when, in a world full of religions, they tell people that Jesus is the only way to God.  There is another way to look at this entire issue.  Let’s frame the question this way:   

Does Jesus have the qualifications to declare the way to God?

This is not just about how people get into heaven; it relates to the authority of Jesus.  Does Jesus have the authority to tell us the way to God?  Yes.  The authority of Jesus is simply this:

  • He came from God
  • He entered the experience of death
  • He came back from the dead
  • He offers to take us to be with Him in the presence of God

Years ago, a tragedy occurred in California. A semi-religious group known as Heaven’s Gate committed mass suicide. The people followed the leader who said they could pass from this life to a better one. Essentially, he claimed to know away. 

Jesus’ claim to be the way has much, much, much greater integrity. Jesus is able to say, in essence, I came from there and I am going there and then I will come back and take you to be with me. As the way, Jesus goes first. 

We can take this a step further.  Not only does Jesus have the authority to give life, He has the power to give life as well. Staying within the gospel of John, here are seven signs – miracles – that are recorded as evidence of the inherent power of Jesus: 

Jesus has both the power and the authority to promise and deliver eternal life to those who come to Him.  All other competitors should be asked if they have better qualifications than Jesus.


CLAIMS OF CHRIST

Fortunately for the skeptic, Jesus made claims that were emphatic and extreme.  These claims give us a chance to evaluate Jesus simply and clearly.  Even though Jesus lived over 2000 years ago, His credibility can still be examined today by giving consideration to His claims.

For instance, let’s consider these two claims made by Jesus: 

I am the way, the truth and the life.” John 14:6
I am the resurrection and the life,” John 11:25

These claims are both emphatic and extreme. They are emphatic in that they point to only to Jesus.  They are extreme in that they can only be totally true or totally false.  These claims cannot be partially true and partially false.  It’s either all or nothing.

Jesus did not say that He can ask God for life.  
Jesus did not say that He knows the way to life.  
Jesus did say, “I AM the life, John 14:6.  Then He also said, “I AM the resurrection and the life.” 

Jesus claimed to have resurrection power.  “I am the resurrection.”  That’s a huge claim but then Jesus surpasses that with another claim.  “I am the resurrection and the life.”  Jesus claimed to be BOTH, the resurrection AND the life.   

Jesus did NOT say that He will bring about the resurrection or that He will cause the resurrection. Jesus claimed to BE the resurrection.  In making this claim, Jesus clearly point to Himself as the one who gives resurrection power to those who believe in Him: 

“I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in me will live, even though he dies. (John 11:25

Not…believe anything you want.  Not…doesn’t matter what you believe as long as you are sincere. Believe in me.  Jesus eliminated all other options for the recipients of His resurrection power. 

This is what’s so great about Jesus.  He could look at people and know – some of you are going to hate me; some of you are going to crucify me; some of you are going to believe me – but for all of you, I am going to tell you the truth.   

A simple application of logic can help you to evaluate these claims: 

If Jesus made these claims and they were NOT true and He knew they were not true, He was a deceiver.
If Jesus made these claims and they were NOT true without knowing they weren’t true, He was deceived.
If Jesus made these claims and He was accurate, He is deity.

What you cannot do is hold to the position that Jesus was a good religious teacher.  
Jesus is not a good religious teacher if He was a deceiver.  That would make Him liar.
Jesus is not a good religious teacher if He was deceived about His identity.  That would make Him a lunatic. It’s simply not logical to say He’s a good man.

Jesus is only good if He is exactly who He claimed to be.
With the ability of resurrection and life, Jesus would have to be deity.  That would make Him Lord.
When examining the claims of Christ, your only options are Liar, Lunatic, Lord. 

Frank Ellis

Senior Pastor

Frank and his wife Terri have been at King's since 2006. They have three married sons and most importantly, nine wonderful granchildren.